Spain

Spanish people and events during the European Middle Ages.

Alfonso X of Castile: The Cultured King

Alfonso X was born on November 23, 1221, in Burgos, Castile. At the age of 9, the prince’s father, King Ferdinand III, inherited the crown of Leon from his father, Alfonso IX. Since he already ruled Castile, Ferdinand combined both crowns to expand his kingdom, becoming the King of Castile and Leon. As a warrior ruler, Ferdinand fought against Muslims […]

Philip I of Castile: The Pivotal King

Philip I of Castile was born on July 22, 1478, in the Netherlands. His father, Maximilian, was the son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III and a member of the Austrian Hapsburg dynasty. His mother, Marie, was the French Duchess of Burgundy. Two years before Philip’s birth, Marie faced pressure from King Louis XI of France to marry his heir, […]

Isabella I of Castile: The Catholic Queen

Isabella I was born on April 22, 1451, to King John II and Queen Isabella. In July 1454, the king died and was succeeded by Isabella’s older half-brother, Henry IV. The new king viewed his younger half-siblings as a threat to his power. As a result, Henry treated them poorly. Although sent away from court, the king later recalled his […]