Scotland

Scottish people and events during the European Middle Ages.

James II of Scotland: The Resolute King

James II was born on October 16, 1430, to King James I and Queen Joan. After his elder brother died in infancy, James became his father’s heir. During James I’s reign, the Scottish nobility were alienated by his policies. As a result, a group of nobles sought to kill him. In February 1437, the nobles assassinated the king. Upon his […]

James I of Scotland: The Captive King

James I was born the youngest son of King Robert III around 1394. The prince experienced a dangerous childhood. His father’s younger brother, Robert Stewart, was a calculating and treacherous man. As the powerful Duke of Albany, Stewart aspired to have his sons succeed to the Scottish throne. Although Prince Robert passed away during infancy, Prince David suspiciously died in […]

Malcolm IV of Scotland: The Maiden King

Malcolm IV was born during 1141 to Prince Henry of Scotland. At the time of his birth, Malcolm’s paternal grandfather, King David I, reigned. The first of Henry’s sons, the young prince was initially third in the line of succession. However, the unexpected death of his father in 1152, made Malcolm his grandfather’s heir. Upon David’s death the following year, […]

David I of Scotland: The Fortunate King

David I was born in 1082 to King Malcolm III and Queen Margaret. In 1093, he and his older siblings fled to England after their parent’s deaths. The young prince’s fortunes began to change after his sister, Edith, married King Henry I of England. The English king became fond of David and gave him many opportunities to advance at court. […]

Malcolm III of Scotland: The Raider King

His reign established a dynasty that ruled Scotland for centuries. Malcolm III was born in 1031. As the son of King Duncan I, Malcolm was the heir apparent. However, his status as heir would be threatened by a relative named Macbeth. Macbeth was Duncan’s cousin. In 1040, Macbeth killed the king and seized the crown. After Macbeth’s ascension, Malcolm fled […]