Scotland

Scottish people and events during the European Middle Ages.

Macbeth of Scotland: The Infamous King

Macbeth’s early life and ancestry are uncertain. It’s believed that he had some royal blood through his mother as a descendent of King Kenneth II. However, it is known that his father was Findlaech, the chief of Moray in northern Scotland. Upon his father’s death in 1031, Macbeth became the next chief. He eventually married Gruoch, a descendant of King […]

Robert III of Scotland: The Pitiful King

Robert III was born around 1337 as the eldest son of Robert Stewart. Christened John, the future king descended from King Robert I through his maternal grandmother, Marjorie. In 1362, John joined his father in a rebellion against his great-uncle, King David II. The revolt failed, and the king imprisoned John. Despite John’s attempt to overthrow him, David created his […]

Margaret of Scotland: The Saint Queen

Margaret of Scotland was born around 1045. A member of England’s ruling dynasty, the Anglo-Saxons, Margaret’s grandfather was King Edmund II. Instead of inheriting the throne, Margaret’s father, Prince Edward, would be exiled to Hungary. While in exile, Edward married Princess Agatha and had three children: Edgar, Margaret, and Cristina. The prince’s fortunes later improved after being recalled to England […]

James III of Scotland: The Inept King

James III was born in May 1452 to King James II and Queen Mary. During the siege of Roxburgh Castle in August 1460, the king died after one of his cannons exploded. Upon his death, the eight-year-old James succeeded his father. Since he was too young to rule, his mother became regent. Although her husband had died, Queen Mary continued […]

James II of Scotland: The Resolute King

James II was born on October 16, 1430, to King James I and Queen Joan. After his elder brother died in infancy, James became his father’s heir. During James I’s reign, the Scottish nobility were alienated by his policies. As a result, a group of nobles sought to kill him. In February 1437, the nobles assassinated the king. Upon his […]