Scotland

Scottish people and events during the European Middle Ages.

Robert III of Scotland: The Pitiful King

Early Life Robert III was born around 1337 as the eldest son of Robert Stewart. Christened John, the future king descended from King Robert I through his maternal grandmother, Marjorie. In 1362, John joined his father in a rebellion against his great-uncle, King David II. The revolt failed, and the king imprisoned John. Despite John’s attempt to overthrow him, David […]

Margaret of Scotland: The Saint Queen

Early Life Margaret of Scotland was born around 1045. A member of England’s ruling dynasty, the Anglo-Saxons, Margaret’s grandfather was King Edmund II. Instead of inheriting the throne, Margaret’s father, Prince Edward, would be exiled to Hungary. While in exile, Edward married Princess Agatha and had three children: Edgar, Margaret, and Cristina. The prince’s fortunes later improved after being recalled […]

James III of Scotland: The Inept King

Early Life James III was born in May 1452 to King James II and Queen Mary. During the siege of Roxburgh Castle in August 1460, the king died after one of his cannons exploded. Upon his death, the eight-year-old James succeeded his father. Since he was too young to rule, his mother became regent. Although her husband had died, Queen […]

James II of Scotland: The Resolute King

Early Life James II was born on October 16, 1430, to King James I and Queen Joan. After his elder brother died in infancy, James became his father’s heir. During James I’s reign, the Scottish nobility were alienated by his policies. As a result, a group of nobles sought to kill him. In February 1437, the nobles assassinated the king. […]

James I of Scotland: The Captive King

Early Life James I was born the youngest son of King Robert III around 1394. The prince experienced a dangerous childhood. His father’s younger brother, Robert Stewart, was a calculating and treacherous man. As the powerful Duke of Albany, Stewart aspired to have his sons succeed to the Scottish throne. Although Prince Robert passed away during infancy, Prince David suspiciously […]