Historical Events

Historical events that occurred during the European Middle Ages.

The Battle of Hastings

The Battle of Hastings revolved around a succession dispute. During the 11th century, the Anglo-Saxons ruled England. The Anglo-Saxons were originally immigrants from northern Europe who settled in England during the 5th and 6th centuries. Throughout the centuries, their tribes eventually came together to form a centralized kingdom. By the time of King Edward the Confessor’s reign, the Anglo-Saxons dominated […]

The Battle of Agincourt

The Battle of Agincourt originated in 1328. On February 1, 1328, King Charles IV of France died without an heir. Upon his death, a French assembly formed to appoint a male successor. The two candidates with the strongest claims were Edward III of England, who was the son of Charles’s sister, and Philip, Charles’s paternal cousin. Ultimately, the assembly chose […]

The Fall of Constantinople

The fall of Constantinople in 1453 shook Europe to its core. However, its causes can be traced back centuries prior. During the 12th century, the Byzantine Empire began to decline. For over 300 years, its capital’s population decreased from 400,000 to 40-50,000. As a result of multiple sieges, Constantinople’s citizens either died or had to migrate. As Constantinople’s population dropped, […]

The Wars of the Roses: Part 2

The Wars of the Roses would continue under the new Yorkist government. As King Edward IV ruled his kingdom, Henry VI lived in exile on the English border. Resigned to his fate, the Lancastrian king made little effort to regain his throne. However, his wife, Margaret of Anjou, refused to give up. The queen didn’t care much for Henry’s future […]

The Wars of the Roses: Part 1

The Wars of the Roses began as a power struggle within the royal family. On September 30, 1399, King Richard II abdicated his throne to his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke. Upon his ascension as Henry IV, the direct line of the Plantagenets ended. In its place, a cadet branch took over: the house of Lancaster. The Lancastrians were named after the […]