France

French people and events during the European Middle Ages.

Joan of Arc: The Divine Warrior

Her call from God would turn the tide of a war. Joan of Arc was born in 1412 in Domremy, France. As a farmer’s daughter, Joan grew up a peasant along the borders of Bar and Lorraine. During the 1410s, the French and English fought a series of battles throughout France. The conflict revolved around the French crown and became […]

Charles VI of France: The Mad King

The king’s insanity would plunge France into chaos. Charles VI of France was born on December 3, 1368 in Paris. His father, the Valois King Charles V, was a sickly, yet competent ruler. At the time of Charles’s birth, France fought against England in the Hundred Years War. The king’s leadership gave France an advantage, but he didn’t live long […]

Charles IV of France: The Last Capetian King

Charles IV of France was never expected to be king. When his father, King Philip IV, died at the age of 46 on November 29, 1314, the Capetian line of succession was very secure. Philip IV had left behind three sons: Louis, Philip, and Charles. As the eldest brother, Louis succeeded his father as Louis X. No one suspected the […]

Eleanor of Aquitaine: The Influential Noblewoman

She held many titles throughout her long life. Eleanor of Aquitaine was born in the duchy of Aquitaine, France, in 1122. Her father, William X, was the Duke of Aquitaine and the Count of Poitiers. Through these titles, William controlled vast estates and possessed immense political power. A cultured man, William ensured that his daughter was well educated. Under her […]

Philip II of France: The Cunning King

It was said that Philip II’s birth was God-given. Philip was born on August 21, 1165 to Capetian King Louis VII and his wife, Queen Adela. At the time of his birth, Louis was 44-45 years old and was on his third marriage. His prior marriages had only given him daughters. When Philip was born, he immediately became Louis’s heir. […]