England

English people and events during the European Middle Ages.

The War of the Roses: Part 2

The War of the Roses would continue under the new Yorkist government. As King Edward IV ruled his kingdom, Henry VI lived in exile on the English border. Resigned to his fate, the Lancastrian king made little effort to regain his throne. However, his wife, Margaret of Anjou, refused to give up. The queen didn’t care much for Henry’s future […]

The War of the Roses: Part 1

The War of the Roses began as a power struggle within the royal family. On September 30, 1399, King Richard II abdicated his throne to his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke. Upon his ascension as Henry IV, the direct line of the Plantagenets ended. In its place, a cadet branch took over: the house of Lancaster. The Lancastrians were named after the […]

Henry IV of England: The Usurper King

Henry IV’s seizure of his cousin’s crown would create a new ruling precedent. Henry was born on April 15, 1367, at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, England. Due to the customs of the time, Henry became known as Henry Bolingbroke as a reference to his birthplace. Henry’s father, John of Gaunt, was the third surviving son of King Edward III. He […]

Henry VI of England: The Incompetent King

Henry VI was born to be king. Nine months after his birth, Henry’s father, the Lancastrian King Henry V, had passed away from illness fighting in France on August 31, 1422. The infant Prince Henry succeeded him but was not officially crowned king until 1429. Expectations were high for the young king. Before his death, Henry V was on the […]