England

English people and events during the European Middle Ages.

The House of York: Part 2

Upon King Edward IV‘s accession, the house of York became England’s new ruling dynasty. Although some stability returned to the kingdom, the War of the Roses wasn’t over yet. As Edward’s reign progressed, the king and his closest ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, grew distant. After Edward ignored Warwick’s marriage plans and married an English commoner named Elizabeth Woodville, […]

The House of York: Part 1

The house of York originated in 14th century England as a dukedom. Founded by King Edward III’s fifth son, Edmund, the prince passed on his dukedom to his son, Edward, upon his death in 1402. When Edward died childless, his nephew, Richard, inherited his uncle’s title. Richard later married Anne Mortimer, a descendent of Edward III’s second son, Lionel. This […]

Arthur Tudor: The Tragic Prince

Arthur Tudor was born on September 19 or 20, 1486, to King Henry VII of England and Queen Elizabeth. A year before his birth, Henry had fought Arthur’s maternal uncle, King Richard III, for control of the English throne. On August 22, 1485, both men’s forces clashed at the Battle of Bosworth Field during the final phase of the War […]

The Battle of Tewkesbury

The battle of Tewkesbury began as a political power struggle between the Lancastrians and Yorkists. Since 1399, the Lancastrians had ruled England. Although not having the strongest claim to the throne, Henry IV successfully overthrew Richard II. As a result, the new king faced many rebellions during his reign. After crushing multiple revolts, Henry passed on a secure throne to […]

The House of Lancaster

The house of Lancaster originated in the form of a title in 1267. In 1267, King Henry III of England granted his youngest son, Edmund, the earldom of Lancaster. Through Edmund, the title would pass to his sons, Thomas and Henry. After Henry’s death, his son, Henry, would become the first duke of Lancaster. Upon his death in 1361, the […]