England

English people and events during the European Middle Ages.

Edmund Tudor: Ancestor of the Monarchy

Edmund Tudor was born on June 11, 1430, to Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois. Catherine had formerly been King Henry V‘s wife before his death on August 31, 1422, during the Hundred Years’ War. However, the king left behind an infant son, Henry VI, to continue the English Lancastrian dynasty. Although the former queen initially looked after her son, […]

The House of York: Part 3

On July 6, 1483, the house of York produced its third king: Richard III. Due to the king’s controversial seizing of the throne from his nephew, Edward V, he didn’t enjoy universal support in England. To boost his support, Richard appointed certain nobles to positions of power throughout the kingdom. However, he killed those he viewed as a threat. A […]

The House of York: Part 2

Upon King Edward IV‘s accession, the house of York became England’s new ruling dynasty. Although some stability returned to the kingdom, the War of the Roses wasn’t over yet. As Edward’s reign progressed, the king and his closest ally, Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, grew distant. After Edward ignored Warwick’s marriage plans and married an English commoner named Elizabeth Woodville, […]

The House of York: Part 1

The house of York originated in 14th century England as a dukedom. Founded by King Edward III’s fifth son, Edmund, the prince passed on his dukedom to his son, Edward, upon his death in 1402. When Edward died childless, his nephew, Richard, inherited his uncle’s title. Richard later married Anne Mortimer, a descendent of Edward III’s second son, Lionel. This […]

Arthur Tudor: The Tragic Prince

Arthur Tudor was born on September 19 or 20, 1486, to King Henry VII of England and Queen Elizabeth. A year before his birth, Henry had fought Arthur’s maternal uncle, King Richard III, for control of the English throne. On August 22, 1485, both men’s forces clashed at the Battle of Bosworth Field during the final phase of the War […]