Catherine of Valois: The Pivotal Queen

Catherine of Valois was born on October 27, 1401, in Paris, France, to King Charles VI and Queen Isabella. At the time of her birth, the royal Valois family was split between two factions that vied for power: the Armagnacs and the Burgundians. The power struggle had begun a decade prior as the king began to show signs of madness. […]

James IV of Scotland: The Energetic King

James IV of Scotland was born on March 17, 1473, to King James III and Queen Margaret. In Scotland, the king was regarded as a disinterested and inept ruler. From his castle in Edinburgh, James ignored his advisors, failed to enforce the law, and allowed his kingdom to become unstable. However, the king’s most unpopular decision was to pursue an […]