Louis X of France: The Stubborn King

Louis X was born on October 4, 1289, to King Philip IV and Queen Joan of Navarre. Philip idolized his grandfather, Louis IX, and named his eldest son in his honor. During his reign, the king became known for his iron will. Philip brought about the downfall of the Templar Order, won a power struggle against Pope Boniface VIII, and […]

Edmund Tudor: Ancestor of the Monarchy

Edmund Tudor was born on June 11, 1430, to Owen Tudor and Catherine of Valois. Catherine had formerly been King Henry V‘s wife before his death on August 31, 1422, during the Hundred Years’ War. However, the king left behind an infant son, Henry VI, to continue the English Lancastrian dynasty. Although the former queen initially looked after her son, […]

The House of York: Part 3

On July 6, 1483, the house of York produced its third king: Richard III. Due to the king’s controversial seizing of the throne from his nephew, Edward V, he didn’t enjoy universal support in England. To boost his support, Richard appointed certain nobles to positions of power throughout the kingdom. However, he killed those he viewed as a threat. A […]