Otto III: The Ambitious Emperor

Emperor Otto III was born in July 980 to Holy Roman Emperor Otto II and Empress Theophano. Otto’s grandfather, Emperor Otto I, had established the Ottonian dynasty after his coronation in 962. As the emperor’s only son, the young Otto was groomed as his father’s heir. Three years after Otto’s birth, the emperor had his son elected German king. When […]

Philip I of Castile: The Pivotal King

Philip I of Castile was born on July 22, 1478, in the Netherlands. His father, Maximilian, was the son of Holy Roman Emperor Frederick III and a member of the Austrian Hapsburg dynasty. His mother, Marie, was the French Duchess of Burgundy. Two years before Philip’s birth, Marie faced pressure from King Louis XI of France to marry his heir, […]