Philip III of France: The Bold King

On April 3, 1245, Philip III was born to King Louis IX and Queen Margaret in Poissy, France. As the king’s second son, Philip wasn’t intended to inherit the French throne. However, upon his older brother Louis’s death in 1260, the prince became the new heir. During his reign, King Louis had gained a reputation as a respected ruler and […]

The Battle of Tewkesbury

The battle of Tewkesbury began as a political power struggle between the Lancastrians and Yorkists. Since 1399, the Lancastrians had ruled England. Although not having the strongest claim to the throne, Henry IV successfully overthrew Richard II. As a result, the new king faced many rebellions during his reign. After crushing multiple revolts, Henry passed on a secure throne to […]

The House of Lancaster

The house of Lancaster originated in the form of a title in 1267. In 1267, King Henry III of England granted his youngest son, Edmund, the earldom of Lancaster. Through Edmund, the title would pass to his sons, Thomas and Henry. After Henry’s death, his son, Henry, would become the first duke of Lancaster. Upon his death in 1361, the […]