James III of Scotland: The Inept King

Early Life James III was born in May 1452 to King James II and Queen Mary. During the siege of Roxburgh Castle in August 1460, the king died after one of his cannons exploded. Upon his death, the eight-year-old James succeeded his father. Since he was too young to rule, his mother became regent. Although her husband had died, Queen […]

James II of Scotland: The Resolute King

Early Life James II was born on October 16, 1430, to King James I and Queen Joan. After his elder brother died in infancy, James became his father’s heir. During James I’s reign, the Scottish nobility were alienated by his policies. As a result, a group of nobles sought to kill him. In February 1437, the nobles assassinated the king. […]

James I of Scotland: The Captive King

Early Life James I was born the youngest son of King Robert III around 1394. The prince experienced a dangerous childhood. His father’s younger brother, Robert Stewart, was a calculating and treacherous man. As the powerful Duke of Albany, Stewart aspired to have his sons succeed to the Scottish throne. Although Prince Robert passed away during infancy, Prince David suspiciously […]

Louis VI of France: The Fighter King

Early Life Louis VI was born around 1081. As the first son of King Philip I, Louis became associated as his heir from an early age. During the late 1090s, the king began to focus more on pleasure-seeking than ruling. As a result, the prince started ruling on his father’s behalf. By the time Philip died in 1108, Louis had […]