Henry VII of England: The Overshadowed King

Early Life On January 28, 1457, Henry VII was born Henry Tudor in Pembroke, Wales. His father, Edmund Tudor, Earl of Richmond, died almost three months before Henry’s birth. His mother, Margaret Beaufort, was the great-granddaughter of John of Gaunt. The Beauforts were originally John’s illegitimate descendants. However, both Richard II and Henry IV later confirmed their legitimacy. As a […]

The Battle of Hastings

Background The Battle of Hastings revolved around a succession dispute. During the 11th century, the Anglo-Saxons ruled England. The Anglo-Saxons were originally immigrants from northern Europe who settled in England during the 5th and 6th centuries. Throughout the centuries, their tribes eventually came together to form a centralized kingdom. By the time of King Edward the Confessor’s reign, the Anglo-Saxons […]

Louis XI of France: The Scheming King

Early Life Louis XI was born on July 3, 1423 in Bourges, France to King Charles VII and Queen Marie of Anjou. His parents named him in honor of saint king, Louis IX. During his childhood, France fought against England during the latter half of the Hundred Years War. The English sought to overthrow the Valois royal family and replace […]

Henry I of England: The Skillful King

Early Life The fourth son of William the Conqueror, Henry, was born in 1069, Selby, England. In 1066, William had overthrown King Harold II at the Battle of Hastings. As the youngest son, the prince’s older brothers, Robert Curthose and William Rufus were destined to rule. Upon their father’s death in 1087, Robert became the duke of Normandy and William, […]